Magnetic Phase Interference in Artificial Magnetic Lattices: Functions and Applications to Optical, High-Frequency, and Spin Wave Devices


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The introduction of artificial magnetic structures into magnetic materials can induce novel electromagnetic and spin-wave behavior. Nano- and submicrometer-scale artificial magnetic lattices (AMLs) can control optical (electromagnetic) waves in magnetophotonic crystals [1], volumetric magnetic holograms [2], and labyrinthian magnetic domain structures [3], and can affect spin waves in magnonic crystals [4].

In this talk, the fundamental properties of such AMLs, mainly in magnetic garnet films and alloy thin films, are discussed, followed by demonstrations of their applications in optical and spin-wave micro-devices driven by magnetic phase interference: volumetric magneto-optic (MO) hologram memories [2] and three-dimensional MO holographic displays [5] with magnetophotonic crystals; high-speed MO Q-switch micro-chip lasers with iron-garnet films with labyrinthian magnetic domain structures [3]; and highly sensitive magnetic sensors and spin-wave logic circuits with magnonic crystals [6].

Prospective future spin-wave devices with AMLs will be discussed in the context of the new paradigm of magnonics (electron non-transport electronics), where spin waves play an important role as the information carrier.

[1] T. Goto et al., “Magnetophotonic crystal comprising electro-optical layer for controlling helicity of light,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 111, 07A913, 2012.

[2] Y. Nakamura et al., “Error-free reconstruction of magnetic hologram via improvement of recording conditions in collinear optical system,” Optics Exp., vol. 25, pp. 15349-15357, 2017.

[3] R. Morimoto et al., “Magnetic domains driving a Q-switched laser,” Sci. Rep., vol. 6, 38679, 2016.

[4] N. Kanazawa et al., “Metal thickness dependence on spin wave propagation in magnonic crystal using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 117, 17E510, 2015.

[5] K. Nakamura et al., “Improvement of diffraction efficiency of three-dimensional magneto-optic spatial light modulator with magnetophotonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 108, 022404, 2016.